JavaScript

Supported extensions: js, jsx, es6, jsm, mjs

The most traditional file type for web bundlers is JavaScript. Parcel supports both CommonJS and ES6 module syntax for importing files. It also supports dynamic import() function syntax to load modules asynchronously, which is discussed in the Code Splitting section.

// Import a module using CommonJS syntax
const dep = require('./path/to/dep')

// Import a module using ES6 import syntax
import dep from './path/to/dep'

You can also import non-JavaScript assets from a JavaScript file, e.g. CSS, HTML or even an image file. When you import one of these files, it is not inlined as in some other bundlers. Instead, it is placed in a separate bundle (e.g. a CSS file) along with all of its dependencies. When using CSS Modules, the exported classes are placed in the JavaScript bundle. Other asset types export a URL to the output file in the JavaScript bundle so you can reference them in your code.

// Import a CSS file
import './test.css'

// Import a CSS file with CSS modules
import classNames from './test.css'

// Import the URL to an image file
import imageURL from './test.png'

// Import an HTML file
import('./some.html')
// or:
import html from './some.html'
// or:
require('./some.html')

If you want to inline a file into the JavaScript bundle instead of reference it by URL, you can use the Node.js fs.readFileSync API to do that. The URL must be statically analyzable, meaning it cannot have any variables in it (other than __dirname and __filename).

import fs from 'fs'

// Read contents as a string
const string = fs.readFileSync(__dirname + '/test.txt', 'utf8')

// Read contents as a Buffer
const buffer = fs.readFileSync(__dirname + '/test.png')

// Convert Buffer contents to an image
;<img src={`data:image/png;base64,${buffer.toString('base64')}`} />

Images in JSX

Below is an example of how you could import an image file for use in JSX.

// Import the image file
import megaMan from "./images/mega-man.png";

// JSX
<img src={megaMan} title="Mega Man" alt="Mega Man" />

// JSX (w/ custom path)
<img src={`/dist${megaMan}`} title="Mega Man" alt="Mega Man" />

Babel

Babel is a popular transpiler for JavaScript, with a large plugin ecosystem. Using Babel with Parcel works the same way as using it standalone or with other bundlers.

Install presets and plugins in your app:

yarn add @babel/preset-react

Then, create a .babelrc:

{
  "presets": ["@babel/preset-react"]
}

Default Babel transforms

Parcel transpiles your code with @babel/preset-env by default, this is to transpile every module both internal (local requires) and external (node_modules) to match the defined target.

For the browser target it utilises browserslist, the target browserlist can be defined in package.json (engines.browsers or browserslist) or using a configuration file (browserslist or .browserslistrc).

The browserlist target defaults to: > 0.25% (Meaning, support every browser that has 0.25% or more of the total amount of active web users)

For the node target, Parcel uses the engines.node defined in package.json, this default to node 8.

Flow

Flow is a popular static type checker for JavaScript. Using Flow with Parcel is as simple as placing // @flow as the first line of your js files.

Parcel will automatically install the required Babel config to strip the Flow types from the compiled output, so there's nothing you have to worry about except editor integrations or supporting Absolute Path module resolution with .flowconfig.

Help us improve the docs

If something is missing or not entirely clear, please file an issue on the website repository or edit this page.